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McMaster University | Department of Chemistry

Event 

2013 Steacie Prize Award Lecture - Dr Paul Ayers
Title:
2013 Steacie Prize Award Lecture - Dr Paul Ayers
When:
26.06.2014
Where:
ABB 102 -
Category:
Special Events Category

Description

2013 STEACIE PRIZE AWARD LECTURE

 

DR. PAUL AYERS

Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology

 

UNCOVERING THE INNER LIVES OF ELECTRONS

The underlying physical laws necessary for the mathematical theory of a large part of physics and the whole of chemistry are thus completely known, and the difficulty is only that the exact application of these laws leads to equations much too complicated to be soluble. It therefore becomes desirable that approximate practical methods of applying quantum mechanics should be developed, which can lead to an explanation of the main features of complex atomic systems without too much computation.

                                                                                           Paul A. M. Dirac (1929)

What happens when two substances are mixed together? Does a chemical reaction occur? If so, which chemical bonds are broken? What new chemical bonds are formed? Can we increase the efficiency of the reaction by changing the conditions under which it occurs? Questions like these lie at the core of chemistry. Addressing them requires understanding, at a fundamental level, how the electrons that bind atoms into molecules rearrange during the course of a chemical reaction and, more subtly, how different molecular environments influence these rearrangements. Therefore, in order to understand the nature of the chemical bond, and to master the chemical reactions by which chemical bonds are fractured and formed, we must uncover the inner lives of electrons.

The physical laws regulating how electrons behave in a molecular environment are encapsulated by the electronic Schrödinger equation. Unfortunately, highly-accurate solutions to the Schrödinger equation are rarely available for molecules containing more than four electrons, while most molecules of interest to chemists contain hundreds, or even thousands, of electrons. This impels the development of approximate models for electronic behavior. Such models are only effective in certain special cases. For example, it is relatively easy to describe cases where the electrons in a molecule move nearly independently, so that the motion of one electron does not affect the other electrons very much. It is also relatively easy to describe cases where the electrons in a molecule are rigidly correlated, so that moving one electron causes the other electrons to move in a nearly deterministic way. The electrons in most chemical substances lie between these two extremes, and developing practical computational methods for these in-between cases is the primary challenge of modern quantum chemistry. In this talk, I will reveal how quantum chemists develop new models for the behavior of electrons in molecules and materials. Some of the new methods are practical even for large molecules containing hundreds of electrons.

 

Date:       Thursday, June 26, 2014

 

Time:       11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

 

Place:      ABB 102

   

Please join us for Dr. Ayers’ seminar, followed by the presentation of the award.

Venue

Venue:
ABB 102
Chemistry & Chemical Biology
McMaster Academic Planner