|Problem Set #13||February 13, 1998|
16.1 - .7 inclusive.
16.30 a), b) compounds B and C, c), and g).
16.31 a) and b)
In addition you are welcome to try your hand at the following.......
1.This problem finds its basis in industrial organic chemistry. It concerns the manufacture and then uses of 2-ethylhexan-1-ol.
Butanal reacts in the presence of base in water as a solvent to form 2-ethyl-hex-2-enal
A) Write out the structures of butanal and 2-ethyl-hex-2-enal.
B) Write out a detailed mechanism for this reaction. (Note both steps are base catalysed.)
C) 2-Ethyl-hexanol can be produced from 2-ethyl-hex-2-enal. How would you carry out this transformation? (More than one reaction might be required.)
2-Ethyl-hexanol can be reacted with phthalic anhydride to form first a monoester and subsequently a diester. The reactions are acid catalysed and carried out with excess 2-ethyl-hexanol.
D) Give the structures of the mono and diesters.
E) Give a mechanism for the formation of the monoester.
You may be interested to know that the diester is widely used as a physiologically harmless plasticizer. It is added to common plastics to make them more flexible and soft to the touch. The new car smell, assuming you cannot afford leather seats, is most likely due to traces of compounds such as this diester. The diester can also be used as a replacement fluid for polychlorinated biphenyls in electrical applications.
2.The molecule shown below can be treated with D2O/OD- to give the di-deuterated product. However, prolonged treatement never leads to exchange of the other adjacent hydrogen marked with an asterix. Why not???? Hint, make a molecular model and think carefully of the structures of the two possible enolates.
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13 Feb 98; jp