Organometallics, 25, 2055-2065.
© American Chemical Society, 2006
William J. Leigh,* Farah Lollmahomed, and Cameron R. Harrington
Contribution from the Department of Chemistry, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 Canada
Dimethylgermylene (GeMe2) has been generated and studied by 248 nm laser flash photolysis of 1,1-dimethyl- and 1,1,4-trimethyl-3-phenylgermacyclopent-3-ene (3a and 3b, respectively) in hexane solution, where it exhibitslmax = 470 nm and decays on the microsecond timescale with second order kinetics. In the absence of scavengers the decay of GeMe2 is accompanied by the growth of absorptions due to tetramethyldigermene (Me2Ge=GeMe2; 2c, lmax = 370 nm), which then decays over the next ca 100 ms. Absolute rate constants for reaction of GeMe2 with several reagents have been determined, including acetic acid, CCl4, oxygen, n-butyl- and triethylamine, a terminal alkene and alkyne, two dienes, and the Group 14 trialkylmetallyl hydrides R3MH (M = Si, Ge, Sn; R = Et or n-Bu). The rate constants agree closely with gas phase values for the same or similar substrates. The data are compared to those for reaction of GePh2 with the same set of reagents, showing GeMe2 to be significantly more reactive than its phenylated analogue in every case. The equilibrium constants for its reactions with the alkene and dienes, which are thought to yield the corresponding 3-membered germanocycles as primary products, are also considerably higher than those for reaction of GePh2. Comparisons are also made with published data for SiMe2 in solution. Absolute rate constants for reaction of digermene 2c have also been measured or assigned upper limits and are compared to those for the tetraphenyl analogue, providing the first quantitative assessment of the effects of substituents on the reactivity of the Ge=Ge bond.
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